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以圣诞之名赶集去

2014-01-02 08:24:40 疯狂英语·中学版 2013年12期

by Alina Barbu

圣诞集市起源于中世纪晚期的德国和奥地利,距今已有七八百年历史。圣诞集市通常在市政厅前的广场举办,摊点出售与圣诞节有关的食品、饮料和手工艺品。集市上经常有传统的圣诞歌舞表演。此外,按照基督教的风俗,圣诞集市在开张的那天晚上会由男孩扮成基督进场,重演基督降生的宗教故事。

想体验最正宗的圣诞节,有机会一定要去欧洲的圣诞集市哦!

You can feel the magic of the winter holidays in the German cities long before Christmas, especially since local markets lack the commercial[商业的] touch of major department stores. They are romantic and carry you back in time to your own childhood, as colorful crowded stalls[货摊] sell handmade items from local craftsmen[工匠]: wooden toys and figures[人体的形状], puppets, candles or small leather shoes. The air is full of fragrances[香气]: baked apples, spiced mulled wine注1, chestnuts[栗子] and grilled[烤] sausages. The Christmas Market in Stuttgart will open almost 250 stalls, decorated with Christmas colors. It is the perfect place to go with kids, because they have a childrens playground. A giant ferris wheel[摩天轮] is ready to present aerial[空中的] views of the city to the little ones, while, in the streets, they can meet some of their beloved fairy tale characters.

在圣诞节开始之前,你在很多德国城市就可以早早感受到冬假的魔力——特别是因为本地的集市没有大型百货企业的商业色彩。浪漫的本地集市会把你带回到童年时代。在五彩缤纷、人头攒动的摊位上,(商贩)出售由当地工匠手工制作的物件,如木制玩具和人形雕像、木偶、蜡烛和小皮鞋等。空气中散发着烤苹果、香料热酒、栗子、烤香肠等各种香气。斯图加特的圣诞集市将开设近250个用圣诞色彩装饰的摊位。这个地方非常适合和孩子们一起去,因为那里有一个儿童游乐场。此外,巨型摩天轮也准备就绪,让小朋友们可以俯瞰这座城市的全景,而在街上,他们还能碰到心爱的童话角色呢。

In the land of Hans Christian Andersen, Christmas is like a fairy tale. In Copenhagen, the winter holiday atmosphere[气氛] is everywhere: on the streets decorated with garlands[花环] of fir[冷杉] and in the squares turned into skating rinks[溜冰场]. The main attraction is Tivoli Gardens, which lights up every year, around Christmas, with thousands of colored lights. From the stands[摊] of the Christmas market, you can buy handicrafts, souvenirs[纪念品] and Danish foods. You can also visit the main shops in town. At the Illum, one of the most attractive department stores in Copenhagen, one can find toys inspired by Andersens stories.

在安徒生的故乡,圣诞节就像一个童话。在哥本哈根,冬季节日的气氛无处不在——街道上装饰着杉木做的花环,广场则变成了溜冰场。每年圣诞节前后,趣伏里公园这个主要景点都会亮起成千上万的彩灯。你可以在圣诞集市的摊位上买到工艺品、旅游纪念品和丹麦美食。你还可以逛逛市内的主要商店。在哥本哈根最有吸引力的其中一家百货商店——“依路姆”,你可以找到受安徒生童话启发的玩具。

In the British capital, you will find not one, not two, but dozens of markets and exhibitions dedicated to the Christmas season. You can shop in the famous Harrods store注2 or on Oxford Street注3 and Regent Street注4. In Hyde Park, fun is guaranteed[保证] for children, because this famous place turns into a fairytale land during the winter holidays. A ride on the giant wheel offers spectacular views over London. And a giant ice rink is accessible[易接近的] for both beginners and professionals.

在英国首都(伦敦),你会发现不只有一两个,而是有几十个专门为圣诞季而设的集市和展览。你可以在著名的哈罗得百货商店或牛津街、摄政街购物。海德公园则肯定会成为孩子们的乐园,因为在冬假期间,这个著名景点会变成一个童话王国。坐上摩天轮,伦敦的壮观景色将一览无遗。这里还有一个巨大的溜冰场,向初学者和专业人士开放。

The Christmas market in Barcelona has an ancient tradition. The first market was held here in the winter of 1786. 300 stands will be waiting for customers with toys and handmade Christmas decorations, gifts and Christmas trees. Children will surely love to hit the “Caga tió” —a decorated Christmas log[圆木] that, according to the Catalan[(西班牙)加泰罗尼亚的] tradition, brings sweets and cakes to the children, after being hit with a stick while singing a song.

在巴塞罗那,圣诞集市有着悠久的传统。这里的第一次圣诞集市举办于1786年冬季。圣诞期间将有300个摊位恭候顾客,为他们提供玩具和手工制作的圣诞装饰、礼品和圣诞树。孩子们一定会爱上敲打“拉屎木头”的小游戏——这是一截经过装饰的圣诞圆木,根据加泰罗尼亚传统,孩子们一边唱歌,一边拿木棍敲打它,它就会给孩子们“拉出”糖果和蛋糕。

Some of the most beautiful Christmas markets are held in the Austrian capital. If you travel to Vienna in December, you shouldnt miss the Christmas market in front of the City Hall and the stores on Mariahilferstrasse(the famous shopping street in Vienna). Among stalls selling mulled wine, roasted chestnuts and traditional cookies, you will find tons of gifts. At Sch?nbrunn Palace, you will discover a fairytale land where you can buy original gifts, decorations, crafts, souvenirs and sweets, while listening to live concerts and Christmas carols[圣诞节颂歌].

奥地利首都维也纳有着最美丽的圣诞集市。如果你在12月来到维也纳,一定不要错过在市政厅前举行的圣诞集市和玛丽亚希尔费街(维也纳著名购物街)的商店。你可以在卖香料热酒、烤栗子和传统曲奇的摊位当中找到很多礼物。到了美泉宫,你会发现那里是一个童话王国,不仅可以买到当地原产的礼品、装饰品、工艺品、纪念品和糖果,还可以听现场音乐会和圣诞颂歌。

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